Summer comes with its fair share of advantages and disadvantages and while the pros definitely outweigh the cons, warmer weather can lead to several skin issues. But don’t worry, we’re here to show you how to solve them.
Uneven skin tone
Pigmentation can be seen as darker spots on the skin which is caused by sun exposure. The UVA rays penetrate deep into your skin and causes ageing. It also stimulates your pigment cells, called Melanocytes, to manufacture the pigment called Melanin. This tends to flare-up in the summer and although applying sun protectant to the skin is still essential and the best solution, the heat from being outdoors triggers inflammation which causes melanin activity to increase.
The solution: Sunscreen! Wearing SPF will significantly decrease the chance of seeing age spots as well as sun spots over time. Once you’ve got your sunblock routine on lock down, you need to start exfoliating regularly. By exfoliating you break up pigmented cells and allow them to fade.
Razor bumps & ingrown hairs
Closely shaven hair tends to have sharp edges that can penetrate the skin which causes inflammation and swelling.
The solution: Condition your skin before shaving, this will soften the hair and the hair follicle for a more comfortable shave. Also opt for a emollient-based shaving cream that softens the hair and hair follicles so that when a razor goes across the skin, there is less irritation.
The summer heat and UV rays can make oily skin even shinier. However, this does not mean you need to go crazy in the mattifying department to try and counteract the oiliness. When you try to dry out/ mattify the skin with harsh cleansers and alcohol-based toners (which essentially only gives an immediate clean, oil-free sensation) it can dehydrate your skin because it soaks up the skin’s oil. This leads to the skin pumping out more oil to compensate for the water loss (dehydration) resulting in even oilier skin
The solution: To avoid over-drying, steer clear of products containing a sodium lauryl sulfate. Opt for a lightweight, oil-free moisturiser.
Bacne is something a lot of us have but is rarely talked about. Back acne or bacne affects many women throughout the year, but is visible during summer months because your back and shoulders are more exposed. Some people are more prone to breakout on their back which is often the result of going to the gym/exercising or because you sweat more in summer.
The solution: Try using a strong antibacterial cleanser that contains salicylic acid while showering to deep clean the skin, remove oils and reduce acne-causing bacteria. Other options are to use a gentle exfoliant or to apply spot treatment which can help clear up blemishes.
It might seem as if your eczema tends to rears its ugly head more during the warmer months. Although there is no scientific proof as to why, it could be due to the fact that your skin is more exposed and this causes it to flare up.
The solution: To help repair eczema, try using a moisturiser containing ingredients such as borage oil, carrot oil, cermids, soybean oil and safflower oil. These oils are rich in vitamin A and beta-carotene both of which are responsible for keeping skin supple and preventing damage. If you are seeking instant relief, try applying a thin coat of a cream containing cortisone over the irritated area.
Moisture evaporation caused by high skin temperatures can damage the skin barrier. Depending on the severity of heat damage, the appearance and feel of a heat rash can vary, but for the most part it resembles small, clear or white bumps on the surface of the skin filled with fluid. This can cause discomfort and is often painful.
The solution: Soothing a heat rash, it’s all about hydration and cooling. The best way to do this is to use a gel-based mask with anti-inflammatory properties such as chamomile, bisabolol and oat kernel extract. It is suggested to put the mask in the freezer for about 20 minutes before you use it so that when you apply it, it provides a extra cooling relief. The high water content found in gel masks will repair and restore the hydration levels in the skin so redness dissipates.
This is pretty self explanatory, UVA and UVB rays from the sun can damage your skin and leave it inflamed, dry and sometimes blistered.
The solution: Prevention is always better than cure. Applying SPF should go without saying but if you slip up and get burned, immediately drink cold ice water to keep your body temperature down and internally hydrate. Then apply a lightweight lotion with antioxidants (after sun). Sunburn is the ultimate sign of free radical-induced inflammation and skin damage, it may help to lessen the damage that is occurring deep within the skin and help repair it.